Cooperative Farming In India

Cooperative farming is where small-scale farmers and farming agencies work together Cooperative farming is where small-scale farmers and farming agencies work together

Cooperative farming is where small-scale farmers and farming agencies work together. The agency provides the farmers with seeds, fertilizers, equipment, etc. and the farmers provide the harvested crops to the agency.

It is a great initiative for bringing down the farming costs while increasing profits for small farmers. With cooperative farming, small farmers can come together to help each other and produce crops in high quantity. Today let’s learn more about cooperative farming and how it is practiced in India.

Cooperative farming societies of India

There are four main cooperative farming societies in India. They are:

1. Better farming society

The main work of this society is to educate the farmers. They introduce new systems of farming to the farmers. The better farming society organizes demonstrations for these new methods so that the farmers can adopt them.

In a better farming society, farmers don’t cultivate jointly. Only for the pre-sowing or post-harvesting processes, they all come together. Usually, they buy seeds, fertilizers, and pesticides together for lowering costs. Else, they sell produce together to big buyers for huge profits.

2. Cooperative tenant farming society

In this form of cooperative farming, society usually does the distribution of land. The society either owns or takes land on lease and then gives it to their farmers. Society does not take ownership of farming. It relies only on the farmers.

Not only this, but society also helps the farmers with getting finance and buying seeds. In this cooperative farming, one land is divided into multiple blocks and rented out to farmers. Farmers produce their crop separately and later on, can sell it as individuals or in groups.

3. Cooperative joint farming society

In the Cooperative Joint Farming Society, all the farmers work together to form a large unit for cultivation. Society helps the farmers in buying farm inputs like seeds and fertilizers. They also help by buying their crops or selling them in the market.

The owner of the land gets rent from the farmers who cultivate it. The major function of this society is planning which crops to grow, joint purchase of farm inputs, raising funds for farmers and joint cultivation.

4. Cooperative collective farming society

These societies are usually organized on Government wastelands. Later, the land is given to farmers for cultivation. The main function of this society is to bring all the farmers together and produce more crops.

In this setup, the farmers work for wages. Each member gets a wage according to his contribution. Also, when the society gets a profit after selling the crops, the same farmers is given a bonus from it too.

With cooperative farming techniques, small-scale farmers can also get into big markets. Together they will bring more commodities to sell in the mandis. This will increase the accounting work of the commission agent who buy and sell these commodities. To help commission agents and save their time, Bijak India’s No.1 Agritrading app has come up with the mandi accounting solution called ChargeERP.

ChargeERP the solution

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