As we already know, India is a vast and diverse country with multiple soil types, weather conditions and geographical features. The numerous crops, fruits, vegetables, spices and condiments that are grown, are sown and harvested following the change in seasons and temperatures. There are three cropping seasons in India, classified as Rabi, Kharif and Zaid. Out of these three, the Rabi and Kharif are the two most important agricultural seasons.
Rabi season and Rabi crops
Rabi cropping season is from October to December. The crops sown during these cold months are harvested in the spring and summer season, between February to May. Rabi crops require less water and thrive in cold temperatures. The arrival of moisture-laden winds from the Mediterranean region provides optimum growing conditions for these crops. The important rabi crops grown in India are wheat, peas, barley, masur, rapeseed, mustard, chickpea, oats and gram.
Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Punjab are the major northern states growing Rabi crops. In the post Green Revolution era, due to the high availability of fertilizers, pesticides and HYV seeds, the quantity of Rabi crops has increased exponentially. The expansion of the irrigation facilities has led to millions of extra tonnes of wheat being produced every year.
Kharif season and Kharif crops
Kharif crops are the crops grown between late summer and autumn. They are sown with the arrival of monsoon in June-July in different parts of the country and are harvested between September-October. Kharif crops are heavily dependent upon water availability. Any delay or failure of monsoons causes heavy damage to these crops. The most important Kharif crops grown are paddy, maize, moong, arhar, urad, soyabean, groundnut, cotton, jute and sunflower seeds.
Assam, Odisha, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, parts of Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar are the major states that produce Kharif crops. After the arrival of the Green Revolution in India, Punjab and Haryana also began to produce high quantities of paddy. The technological advancements brought in this phase even led farmers to take up farming of various crops with high water requirements.
In the news
According to the recent updates, the union government approved an increase in the minimum support price of several Kharif crops. MSPs for crops such as paddy, cotton, jowar, bajra, maize, groundnut, and soyabean were increased by 4-5% from the rates last year.
Such steps by the government are helping our farmers receive reasonably fair remuneration. This also gives them the opportunity to invest more in the other crops and helps them in increasing their profit while selling their products in mandis.
As seen above the two cropping seasons of Rabi and Kharif provide the most important crops of India. Therefore the dependency of our country’s huge population upon these seasons is massive.
As mentioned above, with the help of modern agricultural facilities, today in every cropping season, our farmers are producing millions of tonnes of grains, fruits and vegetables. Hence it has become important to take the help of technology in managing and selling this produce in mandis. Efficient operational facilities like ChargeERP accounting software have been designed to make the life of the aadhatiyas and agri traders easier. The anytime, anywhere access and WhatsApp sharing feature of the ChargeERP has helped the users in managing their work effectively and promptly. It has also helped the users manage many unprecedented crises in a healthy way. It is taking its users towards a hassle-free future filled with easy accounting and billing facilities.