Top 5 States In Agricultural Production In India

Top 5 States In Agricultural Production In India Agricultural production in India

In the recent past, the industrial and services sector may have showcased enormous growth rates but there is nothing that can undermine the value of agriculture. The value and emotion attached to agriculture go beyond these parameters. It is a source of livelihood for a majority of the population and won’t be an exaggeration to refer to it as the backbone of the nation. Being blessed with vast fertile land, varied climatic zones, weather conditions and soil gives India the opportunity to produce a massive variety of agricultural produce. The following Indian states exceptionally signify this truth.

1. West Bengal

It is one of the largest food grain-producing states in India, mainly known for its rice production. In addition, this state significantly produces cash crops like jute, tobacco, and tea. Fruits like litchi, mango, guava, and oranges are also cultivated in this state. It is worth mentioning that more than 71.23 lakh families are engaged in farming activities which contributes to the massive agricultural production in the state. 

Major produce

Rice, maize, oilseeds, pulses, barley, potatoes, sugarcane, and vegetables, etc.

Key insights:

2. Uttar Pradesh 

After West Bengal, it is the second-largest state in terms of agricultural production. How can we forget its record-breaking sugarcane production which always put this state in the No.1 position? Every year it comes up with surprising numbers. Other than sugarcane, this state also produces wheat and rice in significant quantities. Cash crops are also among the list of their agriproducts. 

Major produce: 

Rice, maize, moong, beans, sesame, groundnut, tobacco, potato, chillies, turmeric, etc.

Key insights:

3. Punjab 

It is one of the most fertile lands in our country. Seeing the vast agricultural production, people often call it the ‘Food Basket’ of India. This state is majorly known for wheat and paddy cultivation. Along with this, cotton is also cultivated in a large area. In 2017, the state got a bumper cotton production with an average yield of more than 750 kg per hectare.

Major produce:

Wheat, paddy, maize, potato, sugarcane, basmati, cotton, etc.

Key insights:

  • More than 58 % of rural households depend on agriculture for their livelihood.
  • In 2015-16, the state’s share in agriculture and allied sectors was around 18%.

4. Gujarat 

Due to its significant agricultural production, Gujarat is known as the “growth engine of India.” Agriculture is the main source of income for around two-thirds of its population. It has eight different agro-climatic zones which help the state to grow varied crops. Undoubtedly it is one of the best farming states. According to a government report the state produced around 84 % of the total castor production in the country which was significant.

Major produce:

Groundnut, cotton, bajra, rice, wheat, sesame, pea, sugarcane, cumin, tobacco, castor, maize, bananas, mangoes, etc. 

Key insights:

  • More than 20 lakh farmers in the state are marginal.
  • It has around a 30% share of the country’s groundnut production.

5. Haryana

This northern state features among the top agriculture producers of our country. It ranks at 11th position in terms of vegetable production in the country. Since the production always remains on the higher side, people call it the “Food Mine” of India. In terms of agricultural production, this state is self-sufficient. Basmati rice is Haryana’s USP.

Major produce: 

Rice, groundnut, wheat, maize, paddy, bajra, jowar, cotton, barley, oilseeds, pulses, and vegetables, etc.

Key insights:

  • It is the 4th largest producer of wheat in the country.
  • The net sown area is around 35.66 lakh hectares.
  • Around two-thirds of the state has proper irrigation facilities.

Until now, we came to know about the significant amount of agricultural production of these states, but the real question is how all these productions are managed in the supply chain? 

The simple answer to this question is ‘mandis’. They are the key that streamlines the production and consumption channel. Many stakeholders are involved in the process, but the efforts of commission agents (aadathiyas) are undeniably substantial. They are the ones who help farmers find a suitable buyer in the mandis. Even, at times, help them with storage facilities as well. Their work requires time and dedication. This is the reason ChargeERP is taking off their burden by providing the accounting solution. 

ChargeERP – an online accounting software is uniquely designed for the commission agents (aadathiyas). It helps them efficiently manage their day-to-day tasks. ChargeERP makes accounting easy so that aadathiyas don’t have to spend hours on manual accounting. 

ChargeERP has many unique features that turn accounting into a simple task. Aadathiyas are largely benefited by it. For instance,

  • It reduces accounting time by 90%.
  • It can be accessed from any device across the globe. 
  • It uses end-to-end encryption to keep your data safe and secure. 
  • It uses cloud technology to save data.
  • It does not require technical or accounting expertise.
  • It is cost-effective.

So, without further delay, book your free demo today by dialing +91 9311341199. To know more, log on to and experience the power of technology.  


Indian states have proved that they are capable of extraordinary output in the field of agriculture. Their efforts are visible and one can sense the true potential as well. In the coming years, the productivity of states could provide massive outcomes.